When exporting, the main concern of enterprises in the loading process is that the goods data is wrong, the goods are damaged and the data is not in line with the customs declaration data, which leads to the customs will not release. Therefore, before loading, the shipper, warehouse, freight forwarder must be coordinated and thoughtful to avoid this situation.Mixing precautions1, different shapes, different packaging of goods as far as possible not packed together;2, from the packaging will ooze dust, liquid, moisture, odor and other goods, as far as possible do not put together with other goods. “If necessary, it should be separated with canvas, plastic film or other materials;3, light weight goods on the relatively heavy weight of the goods above;4. Goods with weak packing strength should be placed on goods with strong packing strength;5, liquid goods and clean goods should be placed under other goods as far as possible;6. Goods with sharp corners or protruding parts should be covered to avoid damage to other goods.Container loading techniqueThere are usually three methods for on-site packing of container goods: all manual packing, moving into the box with fork loading truck (forklift), and then stacking with manpower and all mechanical packing, such as pallet (pallet) goods with fork loading truck in the box.1, in any case, when the goods are loaded, the weight of the goods in the box shall not exceed the maximum loading capacity of the container, that is, the total amount of containers minus the weight of the container. Under normal circumstances, the total weight and dead weight will be marked on the door of the container.2, the unit weight of each container is certain, so when loading the same kind of goods in the box, as long as you know the density of goods, you can determine whether it is heavy or light goods. Cheng Qiwei said that if the density of the goods is greater than the unit weight of the box, it is heavy goods, and on the contrary, it is light goods. A timely and clear distinction between these two different situations is important to improve the efficiency of packing.(3) When loading, the load on the bottom of the box should be balanced, especially the load center of gravity should be strictly prohibited at one end.4, avoid concentrated load. “If loading heavy goods such as machinery and equipment, the bottom of the box should be covered with wood and other liner materials to disperse its load as much as possible.” The average safety load per unit area of the bottom of a standard container is roughly: 1330×9.8N/m for a 20-foot container and 980×9.8N/m2 for a 40-foot container.5, the use of human loading should pay attention to the packaging of “not upside down”, “flat”, “vertical” and other loading and unloading indications. Be sure to use loading tools correctly. Do not use hand hooks for baled goods. The contents of the cases should be packed neatly and tightly. Easy to loose and pack fragile goods, to use padding or insert plywood between the goods to prevent goods from moving in the box.6, when loading pallet goods, it is necessary to accurately grasp the internal size of the container and the external size of the goods packaging, so as to calculate the number of loaded pieces, in order to minimize the purpose of abandoning and loading more goods.7, when the fork loading truck is packed, it will be limited by the free lifting height of the machine and the height of the door frame. Therefore, if conditions permit, the forklift container can be loaded two layers at a time, but the upper and lower parts should leave a certain gap.If conditions do not allow the loading of two layers at a time, when installing the second layer, taking into account the free lifting height of the fork loading truck and the height of the fork loading door frame may be lifted, then the door lifting height should be the first layer of cargo height minus the free lifting height, so that the second layer of goods can be installed on the third layer of cargo.In addition, a fork loading truck with an ordinary lifting weight of 2 tons is generally used, and its free lifting height is about 1250px. However, there is also a fork loading truck with full freedom of lifting height, which is not affected by the lifting height of the door as long as the height of the box is allowed, and can easily stack two layers of goods. In addition, it should also be noted that the goods should be covered with bedding wood, so that the fork can be smoothly extracted.Finally, the goods are best not naked, at least have packaging, do not blindly save space and cause damage to the goods. General goods will also have packaging, only such as large machines such as boilers, building materials and the like will be more troublesome, must be tied, tied to prevent loosening. In fact, as long as you are careful, there will not be too much problem.