As a Southeast Asian country, Cambodia has several important maritime ports, which are not only crucial for domestic trade but also important hubs for international maritime trade. The following are the main shipping ports in Cambodia:Sihanoukville PortAbbreviated as Xigang, named after Prince Sihanouk, it is located in the Sihanouk Province of southern Cambodia. It is the largest seaport in Cambodia, as well as the most important international trade port and main gateway for foreign trade.Sihanouk Port has modern port facilities, providing various services including loading and unloading of goods, warehousing, transportation, etc. It can accommodate large cargo ships and container ships, and handle maritime cargo transportation conveniently and quickly. It is the only modern commercial port in Cambodia, a duty-free port.sea freight(1) Throughput: The throughput of Sihanouk Port has continued to grow in recent years. According to statistical data, the cargo throughput of the port in 2019 was 4.37 million tons, an increase of 10.5% compared to 2018. In 2021, the cargo throughput of the port further increased to 6.126 million tons, achieving a significant increase.(2) Route: Sihanouk Port connects multiple countries and regions, including China, South Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore, and more. These routes mainly cover Southeast Asia and East Asia. Meanwhile, Sihanouk Port is also an important gateway to Europe and the Middle East.(3) Trade situation: The trade situation of Sihanouk Port has also seen significant development in recent years. According to data from the General Administration of Customs of Cambodia, in the first half of 2022, the import and export trade volume of enterprises in the West Port Special Zone accounted for 5% of the total import and export trade volume of Cambodia, reaching 1.374 billion US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 38.23%. This data indicates that Sihanouk Port plays an important role in Cambodia’s import and export trade.Phnom Penh PortPhnom Penh Port is located in the capital city of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, and is a river port in Cambodia. It is situated along the Mekong River and is one of Cambodia’s important ports. Although it is a river port, its advantageous geographical location makes it the second largest port in Cambodia.Phnom Penh Port has relatively complete facilities and services, mainly handling general cargo and fuel transportation, and is an important port for Cambodia’s agricultural product exports and imports of building materials, electrical appliances, and daily necessities.(1) Throughput: The throughput of Phnom Penh Port has shown an increasing trend in recent years. Although not as large in throughput as Sihanouk Port, Phnom Penh Port still holds an important position in Cambodia’s port system. The cargo throughput of Phnom Penh Port is mainly dominated by containers and bulk cargo, with container throughput accounting for a large proportion. With the sustained development of Cambodia’s economy, the throughput of Phnom Penh Port is expected to further increase.(2) Main routes: Phnom Penh Port connects multiple countries and regions, and has multiple international routes. Among them, the main routes include Phnom Penh Bangkok, Phnom Penh Ho Chi Minh City, and Phnom Penh Vientiane. These routes cover major cities and ports in Southeast Asia, providing convenient channels for Cambodia’s import and export trade. In addition, Phnom Penh Port also has some routes connecting Europe and the Middle East, providing a broader market for Cambodia’s international trade.(3) Facilities and Services: Phnom Penh Port has modern terminal facilities and advanced loading and unloading equipment, which can meet the needs of large cargo ships and container ships. In addition, Phnom Penh Port also provides one-stop services such as warehousing, transportation, and customs declaration, making it convenient for customers to handle maritime cargo transportation. At the same time, Phnom Penh Port also focuses on environmental protection and sustainable development, and has taken a series of measures to reduce the impact of port operations on the environment.(4) Economic impact: The development of Phnom Penh Port has had a positive impact on Cambodia’s economy. It promotes trade between Cambodia and neighboring countries and regions, and promotes Cambodia’s export and import trade. At the same time, the development of Phnom Penh Port has also driven the development of related industries, such as logistics, warehousing, transportation, etc., creating more employment opportunities for Cambodia.Koh Kong PortThe Guogong Province Port is located in the southwestern part of Cambodia’s Guogong Province. Although it is a small port, it is an important node of the Houjiang River in the sea passage between Cambodia and China, connecting to China through the Mekong River.Kampot PortGongbu Port is an important port in southeastern Cambodia. Although it is not a major port, it plays an important role in maritime trade within the region.Kompong Som PortPangsun Port is a historic port in Cambodia, located in Pangsun Bay. This port also has a place in Cambodia’s maritime trade.Siem Reap PortSiem Reap Port is an important port in northern Cambodia. Although it is not a major port, it is of great significance for trade and logistics in the region.These ports constitute Cambodia’s maritime network, serving not only domestic economic activities but also facilitating regional and international trade.