What are the charges for international sea freight?

In cross-border trade logistics, sea transportation occupies a very large market, and the demand for sea transportation is huge and stable. From a global perspective, sea freight is one of the most important modes of transportation in international commodity exchange, accounting for over 80% of the total transportation volume. From a domestic perspective, about 95% of China’s international trade volume is currently completed through sea transportation, which is currently the largest transportation mode in China’s foreign trade.International sea freight1、 How is the shipping cost calculatedThere are generally two ways to calculate sea freight for foreign trade: the first is to calculate the full container sea freight, which is equal to the basic sea freight plus the sea freight surcharge; The second type of sea freight consolidation cost calculation, sea freight consolidation cost=calculated by volume and weight, whichever is higher.1. Calculation of full container shipping cost: Full container shipping cost=basic shipping cost+shipping surcharge. Among them, the “basic ocean freight” is set by the shipping company and will not change within a certain period of time. Sea freight surcharges are divided into fuel surcharges, port congestion surcharges, etc. The usual price quoted by freight forwarding companies is “ALLIN” price, which is the sum of the above two costs.① Basic shipping costBasic shipping cost=unit basic shipping cost x total number of boxes② Port surchargesPort Surcharge 1=Unit Port Surcharge x Full Container Count (Surcharge Calculated by Container Count) Port Surcharge 2=Unit Port Surcharge x Ticket Count (Surcharge Calculated by Ticket Count)2. Calculation of sea freight consolidation costThe cost of sea freight consolidation is calculated based on volume and weight, whichever is higher.Calculated by volume=Basic shipping cost per unit x Total volume (measured in CBM cubic meters) (The minimum charge for sea freight consolidation is 1CBM, which means that if your goods are less than 1CBM, you will have to charge 1CBM)Calculated by weight=Basic shipping cost per unit x Total gross weight (measured in TON tons) (The minimum charge for sea freight consolidation is 1TON, which means that if your goods are less than 1TON, you will have to charge 1TON)Calculation of LCL surcharge:Port surcharge 1:=Unit LCL surcharge xRT (surcharge calculated based on RT)Port surcharge 2: Unit LCL surcharge x number of tickets (surcharge calculated based on the number of tickets)2、 Which sea freight cost is more cost-effective to chooseGenerally speaking, the choice of which sea freight cost is cost-effective depends on the following factors:1. Quantity and size of goodsIf the quantity of goods is small and the size is small, sea freight consolidation may be more cost-effective; If the quantity and size of the goods are large, full container sea freight may be more cost-effective.2. Destination and distanceIf the destination is far away and the shipping time is long, the cost of full container shipping is relatively low; If the destination is close, the cost of sea freight consolidation may be more cost-effective.3. Time urgencyIf time is tight and it is necessary to deliver the goods to the destination as soon as possible, air freight may be a better choice; If time is relatively abundant, sea freight is a more economical option.

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