Requirements and precautions for sea transportation of goods with built-in lithium batteries

As an important energy carrier, lithium battery has been closely related to our life, and its importance is self-evident. In 2022, exports of electric vehicles will increase by 131.8%, photovoltaic products by 67.8%, and lithium batteries by 86.7%. Become a new growth point for my country’s exports. So what are the regulations and requirements for sea transportation of lithium battery goods, and what should be paid attention to during transportation? Today, the editor will take you to understand.1. What are the goods with built-in lithium batteries?There are many goods with built-in lithium batteries, including mobile phones, game consoles, laptops, Bluetooth speakers, flashlights and other electronic products we use every day, as well as vehicles containing lithium batteries, such as pure electric vehicles or hybrid vehicles.2. Classification of lithium battery goodsAccording to the classification of the “International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code” (version 39-18), lithium battery goods belong to 9 types of miscellaneous dangerous goods, mainly including lithium batteries transported alone, lithium batteries transported with equipment, and vehicles containing lithium batteries and lithium batteries installed in shipping devices. According to different product types, these four categories of goods are subdivided into seven items, as follows:Reminder: Different items correspond to different forms of goods. When you declare dangerous goods, you must accurately find the corresponding items~3. Lithium battery cargo transportation regulationsNext, let’s take a look at the requirements for the transportation of lithium battery goods:1. Lithium batteries need to pass the test in Section 38.3 of the United Nations “Recommendation Test and Standard Manual on the Transport of Dangerous Goods”, hold corresponding certificates and provide a brief introduction to the test.2. Batteries and battery packs must be equipped with devices such as safety exhaust and short-circuit prevention as required, and the manufacture must be guaranteed by a high-quality management plan.3. The package of goods containing lithium batteries (groups) should meet the construction and test requirements of Chapter 6 of the IMDG Code, obtain a certificate of inspection, and post a special mark for lithium batteries.4. Containers must be packed in accordance with relevant national standards, and Class 9 dangerous goods signs must be posted around the container.5. Cargo owners and carriers must complete the reporting and declaration procedures for dangerous goods on board in accordance with regulations before transporting them.In addition to the above requirements, the International Dangerous Regulations also clarifies the exemption of some lithium battery goods through the special provision SP188. The qualified goods can be exempted from other transportation technical requirements, which reduces the transportation cost to a certain extent.Reminder: If you are not sure whether the goods meet the relevant conditions, you can use a qualified organization to conduct identification to reduce safety and pollution risks.4. Packaging requirements for lithium battery goods1. Make sure that lithium batteries are individually packaged in fully enclosed inner packaging, such as blister packaging or cardboard to ensure that each battery can be protected, and there must be a strong outer packaging, unless the battery or battery is installed in the device or when packaging the device. The total mass of the pieces must not exceed 30kg.2. The packaging cover can avoid short circuit or make the battery come into contact with any conductive substance.3. Ensure that the packaging is reliable to meet the UN38.3 test requirements;4. Additional requirements for lithium batteries installed in equipment for transportation. The equipment should be fixed to prevent movement in the packaging. The packaging method should prevent accidental activation during transportation. The outer packaging should be waterproof, or by using inner lining (such as plastic bags) To achieve waterproof, unless the structural characteristics of the device itself have waterproof characteristics, the lithium battery should avoid strong vibration during handling.5. The correct lithium battery label is posted on the package, and the cargo transportation component displays the signs and marks of Class 9 dangerous goods. When the package is placed in the collective package, the lithium battery mark must be clearly visible or posted on the outside of the collective package, and the collective package must be marked with the word “OVERPACK”, and the height of the “OVERPACK” font must be at least 12mm.6. Lithium batteries must be properly stowed and reinforced in the container. The reinforcement method and reinforcement strength should meet the requirements of both the exporting country and the importing country. There are relevant provisions in the Rules.5. How to declare lithium battery goodsThe shipper declares relevant materials to the competent authority in accordance with the regulations to prove that the goods have been manufactured in accordance with the quality management system, passed the corresponding test requirements in Section 38.3, have appropriate short-circuit prevention devices and measures, and the package can withstand the 1.2m drop test. Marked with lithium battery mark and other requirements. The main materials provided include MSDS, packaging inspection certificate, description of anti-short circuit measures, test passing certificate in Section 38.3 of the “Test and Standard Manual”, cargo packing certificate, declaration entrustment materials, etc.Note: Lithium battery goods have caused many accidents during sea transportation, so they must be packaged and packed according to the specifications before delivery and transportation, and relevant procedures must be completed in accordance with the regulations. If the maritime department finds that lithium battery goods are not transported according to the regulations, they will be severely punished according to law. In addition, if the export customs will also conduct on-site inspections of the applicability and normativeness of the packaging, they can only be transported after passing the inspection.

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